What are the Seven Wonders of the World?

04 Mar 2022

The original 7 wonders of the world designate architectural and artistic works that have entered history thanks to their extraordinary nature. The old seven wonders of the world are among the masterpieces of ancient art.

Unfortunately, only one of these treasures of the 7 wonders of the ancient world remains today. Back to these monuments that have become famous. Throughout history, human civilizations have set about building many monuments around the world. And despite often rudimentary means, some of these works have turned out to be quite extraordinary.

Thanks to their impressive dimensions, seven of them have even gone down in history under the famous list of the original seven wonders of the world. The origin of name the seven wonders of the world list remains unclear and several variants seem to have existed over the centuries. Nevertheless, many writings and traveler's stories in particular attest to the existence of these seven monuments, of which only one remains today.

Here is the list of the old 7 wonders of the world!

1- The Pyramid Of Cheops In Memphis

What are the Seven Wonders of the World?
Photo by Envanto

The only ancient marvel to survive the test of time, the Great Pyramid of Giza remains an incredible example of Egyptian architecture.

Built in Memphis (now Giza) in Egypt in the 3rd millennium BC, this square-based pyramids of Giza was for a long time the tallest and most massive ever built.

The oldest one of the wonders of the world, Egyptologists believe it only took 10-20 years to build.

The pyramid of Cheops is the oldest but also the only marvel to have managed to cross the ages today.

And it continues to intrigue archaeologists who wonder in particular about the methods that made it possible to build it for the pharaoh Cheops.

2- The Hanging Gardens of Babylon

What are the Seven Wonders of the World?

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon in Mesopotamia (now Iraq)

The existence of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon is still unclear to historians, as is their supposed location, but they nonetheless remain one of the 7 natural wonders of the world.

Organized in terraces, these gardens would have been built by Nebuchadnezzar II.

According to descriptions, the site comprised an ascending series of tiered gardens that overflowed with plant life.

These extravagant hanging gardens have inspired artists for centuries, each of whom can only imagine the plants and vines strewn across different tiers.

Said to have been located in ancient Babylon—present-day Iraq—legend has it that the gardens were built by King Nebuchadnezzar II, who ruled between (7th century) 605 BCE and 562 BCE.

The gardens, which were spread over terraces up to 75 feet above ground level, were created for the king's wife, Queen Amyitis, who missed the greenery of her home in the Median Empire (now Iran).

3- The Chryselephantine Statue Of Zeus At Olympia, Elis (Greece)

What are the Seven Wonders of the World?
Photo by Envanto 

This gigantic statue made in the 5th century BC by the famous Athenian sculptor Phidias was made of wood plated with two precious materials among all: gold and ivory.

The 10 meter tall sculpture was created around 435 BCE and was inside the Temple of Zeus.

Made of gold and ivory, it represented the god seated on his throne and would have, according to the writings, enjoyed great fame in the Greek world.

The chryselephantine statue of Zeus is said to have disappeared in a fire in the 5th century after being moved to Constantinople.

Destroyed by fire in the 5th century AD, the statue retains all its mystery because no bronze or marble copy has come down to us, whereas such famous works were generally abundantly copied.

4- The Temple Of Artemis in Ephesus (Now Turkey)

What are the Seven Wonders of the World?
Photo by 
Ali Gündoğdu on Unsplash

This Greek temple, located in present-day Turkey, was rebuilt three times before its final form entered the list of wonders of the world.

Dedicated to Artemis – the Greek goddess of hunting, animals and childbirth – as she was highly revered and her lavish temple certainly shows it.

The most ornate parts of the temple were built between 550 BCE and 350 BCE and were painted by the most famous artists of the time.

In its final form, the temple was 140 meters long and contained over 125 columns.

Almost completely destroyed in 262 CE by the Goths, it is unclear whether it may have been completely rebuilt.

Today, only ruins excavated in the 19th century remain, now on display at the British Museum in London.

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5- The Tomb Of Mausolus At Halicarnassus (Now Turkey)

What are the Seven Wonders of the World?
Photo by  Envanto

Longer-lived than some of the other monuments on the list, the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus stood until a series of earthquakes brought down the building between the 12th and 15th centuries CE.

Today it lies in ruins in Bodrum, Turkey.

A large and majestic tomb, it was built for the ruler of the Empire's Caria region, Mausolus, and his sister-wife Artemisia II.

Although Mausolus did not live to complete the building, the monument became so famous for its opulent design that the ruler's name became the eponym of elaborate tombs – mausoleum.

Records indicate that the interior of the mausoleum was as elaborate as its temple-like exterior.

Statues of gods and goddesses, reliefs of mythological battles and a plethora of marble would have decorated the interior.

Although it survived Alexander the Great's conquest in 334 BC and other invasions, it was eventually destroyed by natural disasters.

The tomb of Mausolus at Halicarnassus fell into ruins from the 12th century and eventually fell into oblivion.

6- The Colossus Of Rhodes

What are the Seven Wonders of the World?
Photo by Envanto

Around 280 BC, the Greek sculptor Chares of Lindos completed his magnum opus and the sixth wonder of the world, the Colossus of Rhodes.

It was designed to celebrate the island's successful defense against a year-long siege by the Macedonian king.

According to records, Chares used a combination of iron beams and frames with copious amounts of bronze and iron to create the statue.

It was modeled after the Greek sun god, Helios, and it stood about 32 meters tall, which is about the same height as the Statue of Liberty.

7- The Lighthouse Of Alexandria

What are the Seven Wonders of the World?
Photo by Steven Hanna on Unsplash

The last of the 7 ajuba in the world to be built was the Lighthouse of Alexandria.

Built during the Ptolemaic period of Egypt, it was erected on the island of Pharos near the Nile Delta and opposite the city of Alexandria.

Archaeologists believe the building was at least 100 meters tall, making it the tallest man-made structure for several centuries after it was built creative commons. Eventually, between 1303 and 1480 CE, the lighthouse was destroyed by earthquakes and was never rebuilt.

A central figure in guiding ships in and out of the bustling harbour, the monument can even be seen on ancient coins.

Remains of the submerged building were discovered in the old port of Alexandria by marine archaeologists in 1968 and again in 1994.

📌  if you're wondering: Interesting Traditions Around the World

What Are The 7 Wonders Of The World Modern?

While the origins of the ancient list remain unclear, those of the modern list are known.

They are the result of a vote by the New Seven Wonders Foundation, the results of which were announced in 2007.

Today, We take you on a tour of these 7 masterpieces of today's world. Enough to give you great travel ideas!

1. The Great Wall Of China

What are the Seven Wonders of the World?
Photo by Envanto

One can hardly dispute the place of the Great Wall of China in the list of the new 7 wonders of the world.

Visitors who want to go to the Great Wall of China can easily reach the region from Beijing Capital airport.

2. Petra, Jordan

What are the Seven Wonders of the World?
Photo by Jorge Fernández Salas on Unsplash

The ancient city of Petra, carved into the pink sandstone cliffs of southern Jordan, is one of the most illustrious UNESCO World Heritage sites.

Visitors who want to go to the Petra can easily reach the region from King Hussein International airport.

3. Christ The Redeemer in Rio De Janeiro

What are the Seven Wonders of the World?
Photo by Peter Nicola
on Unsplash

The statue of Christ the Redeemer is the youngest of the 7 wonders of the world list.

Visitors who want to go to the Christ the Redeemer can easily reach the region from Rio De Janeiro Santos Dumont Airport. Or you can use Sao Paulo Guarulhos International Airport.

4. Machu Picchu

What are the Seven Wonders of the World?
Photo by 
Fabien Moliné on Unsplash

Draped in mist and surrounded by lush vegetation, the vast Inca citadel of Machu Picchu is the height of your wildest dreams and awe inspiring.

Visitors who want to go to the Machu Picchu can easily reach the region from Jorge Chavez International Airport.

5. Chichen Itza

What are the Seven Wonders of the World?
Photo by Envanto

Let's go back south to head this time to Mexico, the cradle of the Mayan civilization.

The most famous and best-restored Mayan site on Mexico's Yucatán Peninsula, Chichen Itza, though heavily visited, still impresses.

Visitors who want to go to the Chichen Itza can easily reach the region from Merida Airport.

6. The Colosseum in Rome

What are the Seven Wonders of the World?
Photo by 
Peter Mizsak on Unsplash

It is the only one of the 7 wonders of the modern world to be found in Europe. The Colosseum in Rome Italy is the pride of Italians and attracts the interest of millions of visitors every year.

Visitors who want to go to the Colosseum in Rome can easily reach the region from Leonardo Da Vinci International Airport.

7. The Taj Mahal

What are the Seven Wonders of the World?
Photo by Krishna Moorthy D on Unsplash

The last marvel on the list is the Taj Mahal, an architectural work and proof of love never equaled.

Visitors who want to go to the Taj Mahal can easily reach the region from Indira Gandhi International Airport.

BONUS 📢

The Grand Canyon

Grand Canyon National Park is located in northwestern Arizona, USA today.

Visitors who want to go to the Grand Canyon can easily reach the region from Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport.

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